Shopping Center Design
Location: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Scope of Services: Architectural, Structural and MEP Design
Date: March 2020
Modern-day buildings are complex structures that fulfill many requirements beyond just their basic functions. With the environmental impact of global warming, natural disasters are becoming more common across the world. Hence, when we build, we are looking at smart design, functionality, environmental impact, and also other factors, such as seismic and wind resistance.
These factors are evident in this shopping center design in the north of Riyadh, which is shaped as much by its structural design as it is by the functions of its various spaces.
The building is designed in response to the local climate. Designed to sustain maximum wind speeds of 166 kilometers per hour, the retail center uses proven construction technology to conform to the Saudi Building Code as well as international codes for seismic resistance.
Situated on a 2500 square meter parcel of land, the shopping center design enjoys street frontage on three sides, with parking provided on the front and side of the structure.
A series of double-height stone portals frame dark-tinted double-height window panels that bathe the interiors in natural light. The contrasting combination of light frames with dark windows gives the structure a striking modern appearance.
The first and second floor comprise office spaces that are bright and airy with panoramic views. Composite shade panels are cantilevered for a distance of 3.2 meters from the façade to create cooling pergola structures. These shade the terraces on the second level, creating cool, peaceful zones that can be enjoyed by office visitors and staff alike.
The pergolas add visual interest to the elevation, but they are also a passive design strategy that helps to shade the façade, thereby controlling the cost of cooling the interiors.
The tinted glass lets in light but keeps the fierce heat out, also helping to reduce interior cooling costs.
Signage dominates the elevation as popular store names are featured on dark panels integrated into the façade. The front entrance is designed with a pair of tall, narrow glass doors protected by a glass overhang.
This shopping center design is designed using a grid of columns spanning 9 meters to create large spacious bays, with beams at a height of 6.5 meters. The beams are rigidly connected to the columns, creating a lateral load-resisting structural system known as a “moment frame.”
The moment frame acts as a rigid brace to resist lateral bending caused by earthquakes and severe winds. The elevator core is a concrete, reinforced shear wall that helps to transfer lateral loads to the walls, providing additional resistance to wind and seismic forces on the structure.
The mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) was done on a shell and core basis, which means that CAS provided all the main utility works like HVAC, drainage, fire safety, and electrical in accordance with international and local environmental codes. Decorative fittings, fixtures, sanitary wares, and other accessories were left to the discretion of the client.
Excavation has already commenced on this luxury commercial property, which is on its way to becoming a vibrant and memorable retail destination.
With the attention given to environmental considerations, not only is the shopping center design vibrant and dynamic in its look and feel, but it also fulfills the environmental responsibilities that is expected of modern-day construction.